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If you suspect that your dog has Iodine Deficiency Disease (IDD), the first thing you need to do is get a vet checkup. Once your vet has looked at your dog, he can give you a definite diagnosis and will have some signs and symptoms of Iodine Deficiency Disease (IDD).
There are four types of iodine deficiency in dogs, including Iodine Deficiency Syndrome (IDS), Idiopathic Iodine Deficiency Disease (IDED), and Hypothyroidism, which is also known as thyrotoxicosis. The condition can also be called hypochromitemia and affects dogs of all breeds. It can happen to young and old dogs but is more common in older ones.
Iodine Deficiency Syndrome is caused by insufficient amounts of iodine in the body. It can result in hyperthyroidism, osteoporosis, and hyperplasia of malignant tumors. Your vet may give you a series of tests to determine whether your dog has IDD. The first test for IDD in your dog is the Serum Tolerance test. This test measures the levels of radioactive iodine, or RIA, in the blood of your dog. The more RIA that you see, the higher your dog’s exposure to iodine. The serum is then analyzed by your vet to find out what level of iodine, your dog needs to be at for the proper function of his thyroid.
Another test your vet may use to determine if your dog has IDD is the Urinary Tolerance test. This test uses an antibody to measure how much radioactive iodine a dog is exposed to in his urine. Your vet will look at the amount and the concentration of the antibody as well as the extent of your dog’s exposure.
The third test your vet can do to determine whether or not your dog has Iodine Deficiency Disease is Urinalysis. This test looks at the fluid in your dog’s urinary tract to see if the levels of radioactive iodine are high enough for the dog to be suffering from Iodine Deficiency Disease. An x-ray of the urinary tract will help your vet to see if your dog has hypothyroidism and the presence of calcium deposits in the urine.
Signs and symptoms of Iodine Deficiency Disease can include severe weight loss, low appetite, diarrhea, vomiting, lethargy or lack of energy, tremors, and weakness. Your dog may be having problems with its coat or skin as well. The most noticeable signs are the loss of hair and changes to the coat of the dog. Other signs include a yellowish or brownish discharge, decreased appetite, loss of fur, dull coat, and drooling.
Your vet will prescribe medication for Iodine Deficiency Disease and the medications will work to increase the levels of RIA in your dog’s bloodstream to help treat the disease. However, your vet may also want to add other treatment options for your dog in order to improve the overall health of your dog and increase the chances of its recovery. There are other treatment options including supplements that can help increase the amounts of Iodine in your dog’s body. Some supplements will also work to stimulate the immune system in order to boost the effectiveness of your dog’s immune system.
The supplements that are used to treat Iodine Deficiency Disease should be taken on a daily basis. The most effective supplements can provide your dog with more than one gram of Iodine every day. Supplements are often used together with a diet to help increase the absorption of the supplements into your dog’s body. Supplements should also be combined with a regular exercise program in order to make sure your dog receives the best benefits from his daily dose.
In addition to the supplements, a well-balanced dog’s diet is important for the proper functioning of its immune system. You should be feeding your dog food that is high in protein and contains a variety of other nutrients such as iron, zinc, and copper. The ideal diet for a healthy dog should contain at least seventy percent of meat, twenty to thirty milligrams of Vitamin C, fifteen milligrams of phosphorus, and five to six grams of fat per pound of dog. It should also be rich in fiber.
It is important that you always consult your veterinarian when you have questions about the care of your dog. Your vet will be able to provide you with the best information on what supplements to give your dog, and what signs and symptoms of Iodine Deficiency Disease may be present.